Raimondo, as chair of the State Investment Commission, won unanimous approval in June 2011 of a new allocation strategy for the pension fund’s $7.7 billion in assets that added hedge funds to the portfolio for the first time. As of June 30, 13.9% of Rhode Island’s pension assets were invested in hedge funds.
By comparison, the median state pension plan in the U.S. allocates just 1.4% of its assets to hedge funds, according to a February study of 134 state retirement systems by Wilshire Associates, a Santa Monica-based investment adviser.
However, that number masks wide variation among different plans, with the share of the individual systems invested in hedge funds ranging from zero to as much as 26.5%, according to Wilshire.
Hedge funds are privately managed alternative investments that are only open to sophisticated investors. The Hedge Fund Association says they “can use one or more alternative investment strategies, including hedging against market downturns, investing in asset classes such as currencies or distressed securities, and utilizing return-enhancing tools such as leverage, derivatives, and arbitrage.”